Electronic Journal of Biotechnology ISSN: 0717-3458 Vol. 9 No. 1, Issue of January 15, 2006
© 2006 by Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaíso -- Chile Received July 7, 2004 / Accepted July 19, 2005
DOI: 10.2225/vol9-issue1-fulltext-4  

Management of the appropriate agricultural biotechnology for small producers: Bolivia case study

Teresa Avila*
Pairumani’s Phytoecogenetics Research Center
P.O. Box 128
Cochabamba, Bolivia
Tel: 591 4 4260083
Fax: 591 4 4263329
E-mail: tavila@redbio.org

Juan Izquierdo
Senior Plant Production Officer
REDBIO/FAO Network Technical Secretary
FAO Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean
P.O. Box 10095, Santiago, Chile
Tel: 56 2 3372100
E-mail: juan.izquierdo@fao.org


*Corresponding author

Keywords: Andean crops, appropriate biotechnology, biotechnology administration, Bolivia, genetic resources, policy, REDBIO/FAO, regulations, technical cooperation network on plant biotechnology.


Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)
Intellectual property rights (IPR)
World Trade Organization (WTO)
Pairumani Phytogenetic Research Center (CIFP)
National System of Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (SINARGEAA)
Potato Seed Production Unit (SEPA)
Foundation for the Promotion and Research of Andean Products (PROINPA)
Ministry of Farmer and Agricultural Affairs (MACA)
Bolivian System of Agricultural Technology (SIBTA)
Gabriel Rene Moreno Autonomous University (UAGRM)
Mayor de San Simon University (UMSS)
Mayor de San Andres University (UMSA)
Oruro Technical University (UTO)
Juan Misael Saracho Autonomous University (UAJMS)
Mayor de San Francisco Xavier University (UMSFX)
Bolivian Forum for the Environment and Development (FOBOMADE)
Productivity Biosphere and Environment (PROBIOMA)
Abstract Reprint (PDF)

The Bolivia study is part of an ongoing multiple case study organized by the FAO’s Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean as part of the activities of the Technical Cooperation Network on Agricultural Biotechnology (REDBIO/FAO). The basic information was obtained through a survey and/or direct interview to a significant number of experts from Bolivian institutions involving management, regulation, research, innovation, application and education of agricultural biotechnology. At national level, the most relevant applied agri-biotechnologies are presently in vitro plant culture, genomics, molecular genetics, assisted reproduction techniques in animals, and techniques supporting plant and animal disease diagnosis. They have been developed and appropriated to support the agricultural sector including genetically modified crops. Over the past ten years, the public research and academic institutions have allocated resources to implement laboratories and others have widened and updated their facilities. Nonetheless, a different situation is observed in the private sector where some laboratories have been forced to close down and to reduce production due to the economic crisis of the country. In view of the country’s specific needs and opportunities regarding conservation and utilization of genetic resources, biotechnology can constitute a valuable tool for the sustainable development of the country.

Supported by UNESCO / MIRCEN network 
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