Electronic Journal of Biotechnology ISSN: 0717-3458
  © 2005 by Universidad Católica de Valparaíso -- Chile
Vol. 8 No. 1, Issue of April 15, 2005
 


Table 3. Functionally characterized genes from Arabidopsis using T-DNA.

 a. Forward genetic approach.

S. No.

Genes

Functions

References

1

GL1

Trichome development

Marks and Feldmann, 1989

2

CPR-20

Disease resistance signalling

Silva et al. 1999

3

GI

Phytochrome signalling

Huq et al. 2000

4

MYB75

Anthocyanin production

Borevitz et al. 2000

5

LEP

Leaf development

Van der Graaff et al. 2000

6

DPE1

Starch breakdown

Critchley et al. 2001

7

Dfl1

Auxin control of root development

Nakazawa et al. 2001

8

KAN

Organ polarity

Kerstetter et al. 2001

9

BRS1

Brassinosteroid signaling

Li et al. 2001

10

QUA1

Biosynthesis of pectins

Bouton et al.2002

11

ATE1

Leaf senescence

Yoshida et al. 2002

12

PRPS17

Leaf senescence

Woo et al. 2002

13

PLS

Auxin-cytokinin homeostasis to modulate root growth and leaf vascular patterning

Casson et al. 2002

14

CPL1 and CPL3

Abiotic stress signalling growth and development

Koiwa et al. 2002

15

OSM1 and SYP61

Stress tolerance and ABA regulation of stomatal response

Zhu et al. 2002

16

HCF152

RNA processing

Meierhoff et al. 2003

17

EXO

Cell division

Farrar et al. 2003

18

OMT1

Lignin and synapoyl ester biosynthesis

Goujon et al. 2003b

19

ULI3

UVB light response

Suesslin and Frohnmeyer, 2003

20

TPT

Acclimation of photosynthesis to environment

Walters et al. 2003

21

AMS

Tapetal and Microspore development

Sorensen et al. 2003

22

BXL1

cell wall metabolism

Goujon et al. 2003a

23

Cpn60 beta

Molecular chaperonin

Ishikawa et al. 2003

b. Reverse genetic approach.

S. No.

Genes

Functions

References

1

PGP1

Photosynthesis

Hagio et al. 2002

2

SEC and SPY

Gametogenesis and embryogenesis

Hartweck et al.2002

3

PGP1

Photosynthesis

Hagio et al. 2002

4

AMT1;1

NH4+transporter

Kaiser et al. 2002

5

LACS9

Chloroplast Acyl-coenzyme A (CoA) synthetase

Schnurr et al. 2002

6

DIR1

systemic resistance signalling

Maldonado et al. 2002

7

GEM1-1 and GEM1-2,

cytokinesis

Twell et al. 2002

8

ECA1

Ca2+ pump

Wu et al. 2002

9

MRE11 and KU70

Telomere maintenance and DNA repair

Bundock and Hooykaas, 2002

10

IRT1

Metal transporter

Henrique et al. 2002

11

AtTOP6B

DNA replication

Hartung et al. 2002

12

MMT

Selenium volatalisation

Tagmount et al. 2002

13

RCN1

ABA signal transduction

Kwak et al. 2002

14

CKI1

Megagametophyte development

Pischke et al. 2002

15

MMP

Flowering and early senescence

Golldack et al. 2002

16

AtOPT3

Embryo development

Stacey et al. 2002

17

AtpOMT1, AtpDCT1, AtpDCT2

Oxoglutarate/Malate and Dicarboxylate Transporters

Taniguchi et al. 2002

18

PEX10

Peroxisome biogenesis

Schumann et al. 2003

19

UVH6

DNA repair (UV resistance) and growth

Liu et al. 2003

20

UGT73C6 and UGT78D1

Flavonol glycoside biosynthesis

Jones et al. 2003

21

CAP-E1

Embryogenesis, meosis and Meristem organization

Siddiqui et al. 2003

22

LUT1

Carotenoid hydroxylase

Tian et al. 2003

23

SCD1 and Arp2/3

Polar cell expansion

Falbel et al. 2003; Li et al. 2003

24

CLAVATA1

Organ development

Dievart et al.2003

25

ATHB5

Abscisic acid signal transduction

Johannesson et al. 2003

26

TDS4

Anthocyanidin synthesis

Abrahams et al. 2003

27

AtFUT1

Xyloglucan fucosilation (cell wall biosynthesis)

Perrin et al. 2003

28

ARR15

Cytokinin mediated signal transduction

Kiba et al. 2003

29

ATM

Meiosis and somatic response to DNA damage

Garcia et al. 2003

30

MAF2

Vernalisation

Ratcliffe et al. 2003

31

Apyrases (Atapy1, Atapy2)

Pollen germination

Steinebrunner et al. 2003

32

GORK

Stomatal movements and transpiration

Hosy et al. 2003

33

FATB

Fatty acid biosynthesis

Bonaventure et al. 2003

34

GGAT

Photorespiration

Igarashi et al. 2003

35

ACT7

Germination and root growth

Gilliland et al.2003

36

PIP2;2

Hydraulic conductivity of roots

Javot et al. 2003

37

ADA2b and GCN5

Growth, development, and gene expression

Vlachonasios et al. 2003

 

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