Figure 4. Effect of R:
(a) FR ratios on stem length;
(b) Production of new leaves; and
(c) Internode length in latitudinal ecotypes of B. pendula.
About 2 - 3-cm long plants, which had been growing in LDs, were transferred to various R/FR treatments. In each treatment, 12 hrs of PAR was extended by 12 hrs of different R/FR ratios at an irradiance of 25 µmol m-2 s-1. Each point is a mean of 16 plants. Mean ± S.E. are shown. (N - northern, I - intermediate, S – southern).