Electronic Journal of Biotechnology ISSN: 0717-3458
  © 2004 by Universidad Católica de Valparaíso -- Chile
Vol. 7 No. 2, Issue of August 15, 2004
 

Table 5. Description of the main regulations concerning biotechnology in Chile.

Regulation

Year published

Topic

Regulatory aspects related to biotechnology

Law Nº 19,039

1991

Intellectual Property

Patentability of biotechnology products and inventions a

Law Nº 19,300

1994

Environment

Safe use of GMOs b

Decree Nº 997

2000

Human Health

Labelling of food containing GM material

Resolution Nº 1,523

2001

Agriculture

Seed multiplication of GM crops c

Decree Nº 320

2001

Aquaculture

Use of GM fishes in aquaculture


Source: National Commission for the Development of Biotechnology, Chile.
a: The patent law is being amended at the national congress where international standards are being included to facilitate biotechnology patents;

b: The Cartagena’s protocol of biotechnology safety has not yet been ratified by the national congress;

c: Chile supports the use of GM crops for research since 1992. It allows GM seeds to enter the country for multiplication propose but not for commercialisation as food or food ingredient.


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