Electronic Journal of Biotechnology ISSN: 0717-3458
  © 1999 by Universidad Católica de Valparaíso -- Chile
Vol. 2 No. 3, Issue of December 15, 1999
 

 

Table 4 (b). Examples of biodefence programmes conducted by university, industry and governmental agencies

Category Characteristics
Research by laboratories
Remarks
Government
Industry

University

Antibacterials
  • Development of common signatures of infected eucaryotic cells; use of cell-division proteins as broad-spectrum antibacterial targets; development of drugs against bioengineered biological warfare bacteria; use of gene-based broad-spectrum antimicrobial agents; and identification of novel targets that enhance pathogen vulnerability and neutralisation

1
3
3
Research conducted in Sweden and the USA
Animal Systems
  • Use of insect vectors as early warning systems e.g. detection of chemical signals by parasitic wasps, exploitation of arthropod interaction with biomolecular stimuli, and engineered bee-colonies for detection of harmful of biowarfare agents

1
2
3
 
Antitoxins
  • Determination of structural biology of Toxins, development of vaccines and potent toxoids, and rapid genetic identification of Gram-positive pathogens

1
1
3
Research conducted in Israel and the USA
Antivirals
  • Development of protein-based protective agents; invasive intracellular antibiotics, identification of common target inRNA viruses; disruption of cell transport with non-peptide antiviral agents; and rapid drug responses to biological warfare and bioterrorism without loss in potency and effectiveness during stockpiled storage

 
2
4
 
Supported by UNESCO / MIRCEN network