Electronic Journal of Biotechnology ISSN: 0717-3458
  © 1999 by Universidad Católica de Valparaíso -- Chile
Vol. 2 No. 3, Issue of December 15, 1999


Table 4 (a). Example of devices for use in developing biodefence programmes




Bacillus Microchip

        Detects Bacillus anthracis, and identifies it from amongst other generic members such as B. thuringiensis, B. subtilis and. B. cereus


       Biological Integrated Detection System detects through a laser-based sensor large areas under biological attack. Also functions as a warning system. BIDS is also capable of speeding up treatment of biowarfare casualties by narrowing down the range of identities of specific biological agents used as bioweapons. Variations of the system allow for the detection of between to 4 and 8 biological warfare agents in lees than an hour. The system is transportable for use by vehicle and laboratory-designed aircraft


        Critical Reagent Program designed to provide a ready available resources of antibodies, antigens, and gene probes for use in field detection and neutralisation of biological warfare agents


        Interim Biological Detector designed as a manual hand-held assay for use on ships with links to aural and visual alarms, IBAD provides advance warning of the presence of biological warfare agents through immunochromatographic analysis


        Voltametric instrument comprised of miniaturised electrodes for optional use with antibodies, enzymes, organic dyes, and molecules for detection of heavy metals in body fluids, micro-organisms, pesticide contaminants in foods and potable water, etc accompanied by graphic computation


        Joint Biological Point Detection System is designed for use in protecting ports, naval ships, airfields, and as a portable warning system in conjunction with meteorological data. Automatic detection and identification of up to 10 biological warfare agents in less than 30hrs.is feasible. Enhanced versions of the systems focus on providing rapid facilities for the identification of 25 biological warfare agents thus speeding up choice of treatment of casualties


        Long Range Biological Standoff Detection System possesses a detection range of 50 kms, and through a laser eye distinguishes between artificial and natural aerosol clouds. The system has also been designed for complementary use with BIDS


        Comprised of quartz crystal resonators coated with optional layers of antibodies, enzymes, etc for use in identification of micro-organisms, pesticides, and other dangerous organic molecules and chemical gases with computer prints


        Micro-array of gel-immobilised compounds that identify simultaneously numerous biological agents through reliance on microbe-specific gene sequences, and microbe-specific sequences of ribosomal ribonucleic acids (rRNAs)


        Biosensor system with potentiometric alternating biosensing silicon chip, which Interacts with a biological element such as cells, enzymes, etc with measured pH rates or redox potential variation. Used in determining metabolic variations in bacterial cells in response to presence of pollutants, drugs, hormones, pesticides, etc., with graphic computation

Portal Shield

        Used in the Southeast Asian region for the protection of harbours and airfields, this biodefence system facilitates biological detection and identification, decontamination of biosensor equipment and reduction of casualties

Supported by UNESCO / MIRCEN network