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Electronic Journal of Biotechnology ISSN: 0717-3458
  © 2009 by Universidad Católica de Valparaíso -- Chile
Vol. 12 No. 4, Issue of December 15, 2009
 

Table 2. Acceptance level of different kinds of genetically modified organisms (GMO). The highest frequencies of answers are in bold.



 

1*

2**

3***

Genetically modified organisms

N

%

N

%

N

%

Microorganisms

Microorganisms with the ability to synthesize medicinal substances (for example insulin)

132

71.0

34

18.3

20

10.8

Microorganisms that can degrade toxic or harmful substances previously biologically non-degradable

121

65.1

34

18.3

31

16.7

Microorganisms with the ability to synthesize applicable organic substances (for example various organic acids) to produce high value organic compounds

101

54.3

59

31.7

26

14.0

Microorganisms used for organic synthesis in the food industry (for example, bioethanol)

59

31.7

87

46.8

40

21.5

Genetically modified viruses designed for the transfer of genes between organisms

24

12.9

92

49.5

70

37.6

Plants

Crop plants with increased tolerance to stress conditions (for example drought, salinity, etc.)

107

57.5

47

25.3

32

17.2

Plants used for producing biofuel

103

55.4

46

24.7

37

19.9

Plants with the ability to synthesize medicinal substances

103

55.4

50

26.9

33

17.7

Plants for human food resistant to pests and pathogens

66

35.5

46

24.7

74

39.8

Plants for animal food resistant to pests and pathogens

61

32.8

52

28.0

73

39.2

Plants for human food with improved quality characteristics of fruit (for example, prolonged cold storage, more intense coloration, etc.)

42

22.6

48

25.8

96

51.6

Ornamental garden plants with new properties (for example, blue carnations)

39

21.0

52

28.0

95

51.1

Ornamental house plants with new properties (for example, ornamental plants that glow in the dark)

37

19.9

36

19.4

113

60.8

Animals

Animals, for example goats that produce milk containing medicinal substances (for example, coagulation blood factor)

58

31.2

47

25.3

81

43.5

Animals reared as donors for GM organ transplants (replacing or repairing defective organs or tissue)

57

30.6

53

28.5

76

40.9

Domesticated animals with new properties (for example, cats with no-shed or non-allergenic fur)

49

26.3

45

24.2

92

49.5

Animals for food consumption having meat with improved characteristics (for example, meat with low fat or with more intense colour )

34

18.3

53

28.5

99

53.2

*1 = acceptable; **2 = do not have an opinion, don’t know; ***3 = not acceptable


Supported by UNESCO / MIRCEN network