Electronic Journal of Biotechnology ISSN: 0717-3458
  © 2009 by Universidad Católica de Valparaíso -- Chile
Vol. 12 No. 3, Issue of July 15, 2009
 


Table 1. Transcription factors and structural genes as transgenes for anti-freeze engineering.


Gene/Source

Function

Target 

Phenotype and effects

Reference

CBF1,CBF3,CBF4/
Arabidopsis

TF

Arabidopsis

Freezing, salt and drought tolerance; constitutive expression of COR genes

Jaglo-Ottosen et al. 1998; Liu et al. 1998; Gilmour et al. 2000; Haake et al. 2002

CBF1,CBF2,CBF3/ Arabidopsis

TF

B. napus

Freezing and drought tolerance; constitutive expression of BN115 and BN28

Jaglo et al. 2001

CBF1/
Arabidopsis

TF

Tomato

Chilling and oxidative stress tolerance; CAT1 activity increase

Hsieh et al. 2002

CBF1/
Arabidopsis

TF

 

Strawberry

Freezing tolerance

Owens et al. 2002

OsDREB1A/
Rice

 

TF

Arabidopsis

Drought, salt and freezing tolerance

Dubouzet et al. 2003

TaDREB1/
Wheat

 

TF

Arabidopsis

Cold, dehydration stress tolerance

Shen et al. 2003

SCOF1/
Soybean

TF

Arabidopsis

Tolerant to chilling and freezing

Kim et al. 2001

ICE1/
Arabidopsis

TF

Arabidopsis

Freezing tolerance

Chinnusamy et al. 2003

FRS1/
Arabidopsis

TF

Arabidopsis

Freezing sensitive

Llorente et al. 2000

HOS2/
Arabidopsis

TF

Arabidopsis

Freezing sensitive

Lee et al. 1999

ESK1/
Arabidopsis

TF

Arabidopsis

Constitutive freezing tolerance

Xin and Browse, 1998

DREB1A/
Arabidopsis

TF

Tobacco

Freezing tolerance

Kasuga et al. 2004

DREB1A/
Arabidopsis

TF

Bread wheat

Freezing tolerance

 

Pellegrineschi et al. 2004

CAP 160 and
CAP 85/Spinach

Dehydrin and
Lea-like

Tobacco

Marginal increase of tolerance

Kaye et al. 1998

CuCOR19/Citrus

Lea-like

Tobacco

Freezing tolerance

Hara et al. 2003

WCOR410/Wheat

Dehydrin

Strawberry

Freezing tolerance

Houde et al. 2004

WCS19/Wheat

Dehydrin

Arabidopsis

Freezing tolerance

Ndong et al. 2002

Mn-SOD/ Alfalfa

AOS metabolism

Alfalfa

Modest increase on freezing
tolerance

McKersie et al. 1999

Fe-SOD /
Alfalfa

AOS metabolism

Alfalfa

Increased winter survival,
but no difference in shoot
dry-matter yield

McKersie et al. 2000

SbwAFP/Spruce

AFP

Tobacco

Freezing tolerant

Holmberg et al. 2001

Proline
dehydrogenase/
Arabidopsis

Amino acid
metabolism

Arabidopsis

Enhanced freezing tolerance

Nanjo et al. 1999


Supported by UNESCO / MIRCEN network